Rediscovering a forgotten canid species - CORE.
Later genomic analysis found that the Ethiopian wolf is more distantly related to the dog and wolf species than the golden jackal and the coyote. Some golden jackals, it has more recently been revealed, are actually part of the wolf and dog species.
The Ethiopian wolf, also known as the Abyssinian Wolf or Simien Jackal, is believed by some scientists not to be a true wolf. However, DNA studies show it to be more closely related to gray wolves and coyotes than to any other African canines.
It is nonetheless closely related enough to smaller Canis species, such as the eastern wolf, coyote, and golden jackal to produce fertile hybrids. It is the only species of Canis to have a range encompassing both the Old and New Worlds,(5) and originated in Eurasia during the Pleistocene, colonising North America on at least three separate occasions during the Rancholabrean.
Using genetic markers we confirmed that the three individuals with anomalous phenotypic characters were indeed interspecific hybrids, namely a first generation hybrid between golden jackal and domestic dog (female S21), a backcross to dog (juvenile male S22) and a backcross to jackal (male 60c).
The public often mistakes the Golden Jackal for a small grey wolf. The difference are in fact only subtle, where the Golden Jackal is more slender built, has a narrower, more pointed muzzle, a shorter tail, and a lighter tread than the grey wolf. Its winter fur also differs from a wolf’s by its more fulvous-reddish colour.
The African golden wolf (Canis anthus), also known as the Egyptian jackal or gray jackal, is a canid native to North Africa and the Horn of Africa. It is the descendant of a genetically admixed canid of 72% gray wolf and 28% Ethiopian wolf ancestry. I.
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